Girls enrollment in higher education is always a concern. However, with the passing time, there have been seen a sudden rise in the enrollment numbers. If we look at the data released by All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE), the number of women enrolling themselves for higher education has risen by1,350 per cent in the last seven years. Yes, this number is surely a jaw dropping one. We could see this figure increasing because of the government initiatives.The Government of India is committed towards encouraging girl students for taking up higher studies. Various schemes have been introduced by them so that more girls enroll themselves for higher studies.
As per the information was given by the Union Minister for Human Resource, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha, we have penned down various schemes that government is implementing ed for the same:
- UGC Schemes: The University Grants Commission (UGC) has two specific schemes for promotion of Women’s Studies in Universities & Colleges namely: (i) Development of Indian Studies in Indian Universities & Colleges and (ii) Capacity Building and Women Managers in Higher Education.
- Supporting single girl child with special scholarship schemes: For supporting single girl child, special scholarship schemes are there namely: (1) Post-Graduate Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child and (2) Swami Vivekananda Single Girl Child Scholarship for Research in Social Science.
- Promotion of women hostels: UGC has special schemes for promotion of women hostels in Universities and Colleges and establishment of Day Care Centres therein.
- A support system: UGC has provided support for eight exclusive women universities.
- Assisting girls pursuing technical education: The All India Council for Technical Education is implementing the PRAGATI scholarship scheme for assistance of girls pursuing technical education.
- Increase female enrolment in engineering courses of IITs: To improve female enrolment in the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), the Government has decided to increase female enrolment in B. Tech. Programmes of IITs from the current 8% to 14% in 2018-19, 17% in 2019-20 and 20% in 2020-21 by creating supernumerary seats.
- Supernumerary seats: The Government has also decided to increase female enrolment from existing 14% to 20% over a period of 2-4 years by creating supernumerary seats in undergraduate programmes of National Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur.