NEW DELHI: The Committee headed by Chairman Dr. Kasturirangan submitted the Draft of National Education Policy to the Union Human Resource Development Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ and Minister of State for HRD, Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre in New Delhi. With an aim to meet the contemporary and futuristic needs of the young population, the government had taken the step to formulate the New Education Policy (NEP).
Setting up of Committee for Reforming Education Sector
The Indian government had set up the committee which took inputs from wide array of stakeholders such as online, expert and thematic, as well as from the grassroots ranging from block level, villages, urbal local bodies, zonal, district and state level. After due deliberations, a ‘Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy’ under the Chairmanship of Late T.S.R. Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary, was set up which submitted its report in May 2016. Taking things forward, Kasturirangan Committee was set up.
Pillars of Draft of National Education Policy, 2019
After going through different suggestions and inputs, the committee drafted the policy and set it up on the pillars of affordability, access, accountability, affordability, equity and quality.
Changes Proposed in The Education Sector
- Renaming of MHRD as Ministry of Education (MoE)
- Extension of Right to Education Act a major reconfiguration of curricular and pedagogical structure with Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) as an integral part of school education 2009 to cover children of ages 3 to 18
- Shutting down sub-standard teacher education institutions
- Minimum degree qualification for teachers will be 4-year integrated stage-specific B.Ed. programme
Proposed Changes in Higher Education
In the higher education segment, there are three types of higher education institution that have been proposed such as:
- Type 1: Focused on world-class research and high quality teaching
- Type 2: Focused on high quality teaching across disciplines with significant contribution to research
- Type 3: High quality teaching focused on undergraduate education
There will be restructuring of certain undergraduate programmes of 3 or 4 years duration and students will get multiple exit and entry options.
Setting Up of New Apex Body for Execution of Education Policy
Proposal has been made for the setting up of Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog which will look into holistic and integrated execution of initiatives that are being undertaken and play the role of a coordinator between the centre and the states.
In order to promote research, proposal has been made for establishing the National Research Foundation.
Establishing New Bodies for Different Segments
Under the New Education Policy (2019), it has been proposed that the four different functions such as accreditation and regulation, funding, standard setting should be separated and dealt by independent bodies such as National Higher Education Regulatory Authority, which should be sole regulator for higher education including professional education. Creation of accreditation eco-system led by revamped NAAC;Professional Standard Setting Bodies for every area of professional education and UGC should change to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC).
Promotion of Indian and Classical Languages
- With an aim to promote classical languages and Indian language, proposal has been made for establishing new institutes such as:
- National Institutes for Pali
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI)
- National Institute for Pali